Megastructures

During the 1960s and 1970s a number of megastructures housing various types of facilities were built. Even more were proposed. They include the works of people such as Paolo Soleri whose Arcosanti is painstakingly being constructed in Arizona. Today such large single-structure projects tend to be confined to major suburban shopping centres surrounded by parking for cars. A major twentieth century building type, such centres make a substantial impact on city forms and life. Whether the design of megastructures, by themselves, should be considered to be urban design is open to question.

The City of the Future suggested by Hugh Ferris during the 1920s was one precedent for this line of thinking, and Le Corbusier's schemes for Algiers was another. Their deviations from the norms of urban development and design have attracted considerable attention. The schemes include Roadtown (1970) by Paul

Figure 6.6 Mega-roadtown, a proposal by Paul Rudolph, 1970.

Rudolph (see Figure 6.6) and a series of explorations by Buckminster Fuller but also earlier proposals in the 1920s and 1930s by Modernists especially expressionists such as Sant'Elia. The 1969 City/State plan for Battery Park City (see Figure 8.33) is very much in this mould. As Rayner Banham suggested almost 30 years ago megastructures are design ideas of the past (Banham, 1976). Their attraction, however, persists. Some early twenty-first century buildings in China are close to the megastructure idea in concept. They strive to be vertical precincts.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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