New Towns

Most new towns in capitalist countries have turned out to be a collage of all-of-a-piece and laissez-faire urban designs. The exceptions are those company towns that start off, as noted in the previous chapter, as total urban designs. The genuine all-of-a-piece new town designs are few in number and small in size. They do have the process of development and design in common. Most such new town design processes start off with some vision of how the city will function, instru-mentally and symbolically. The question then, as in all all-of-a-piece urban designs, is: 'Once one has a guiding vision, how does one get it implemented?'

Case studies of all-of-a-piece new town design are difficult to construct after implementation in comparison to total urban designs. They tend to be long drawn out affairs involving many stakeholders. Each person involved remembers the process in a unique way, often highlighting his or her contributions to it. What might appear to be an all-of-a-piece design turns out to be either total urban design as in the centrally controlled Soviet new towns of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, or much more fragmented efforts focusing on the design of the infrastructure as an armature for development.

Seaside in Florida, small though it is, and followed by many other designs, is the exemplar of an all-of-a-piece new town design. The description of it presented here relies heavily on secondary sources and interviews. It is an important case study because it demonstrates the essence of urban design procedures. It also raises questions as to how far one should go in prescribing the design of individual buildings.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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