Piecebypiece Urban Design

All cities have a design. It is created by thousands of individual design decisions within a framework of capital investment decisions and within a legal code. If total urban designs tend to be comprised of large-scale architecture projects, piece-by-piece urban design tends to be city planning. While piece-by-piece urban design is precinct, or neighbourhood, based, it is in contrast to all-of-a-piece design not site-by-site, building-by-building, based. The process involves first setting the objectives for an area and then the development/design policies for achieving them. The creation of the objectives is a highly political act ideally, but often only reputedly, based on perceptions of the public interest. Once the objectives are accepted, the next step is to design incentives and controls, carrots and sticks, to achieve them.

Possibly the best-known examples of piece-by-piece urban design are those from New York in the 1960s and 1970s (Barnett, 1974, 2003). Developers were given incentives in specific areas to build specific facilities (see Chapter 9). In the Theater District, the objective was to include new theatres around Broadway at a time when the existence of theatres was imperilled by opportunities for developers to erect more lucrative types of buildings. They were allowed to build more than the total floor area permitted by existing zoning ordinances in order to obtain the perceived public good of more theatres. Many cities have applied similar procedures to obtain a wide variety of building and/or facility types from crèches to housing for people on low incomes in precincts where property developers see no financial reward in building them.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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