Plugging In the Infrastructure

Links designed to bind existing parts of a precinct together are proposed for a number of reasons and take on several forms. The primary reasons are to enhance accessibility and to provide an amenity to pedestrians and/or bicyclists. In Charles Center, the skywalk system was designed to make the parts of the superblock easily accessible from each other, but also to both separate vehicular traffic from pedestrian on safety grounds and be a symbol of the unity in an area of diverse buildings.

The two case studies described here are very different in character. The infrastructure of the first is at the second floor level and is enclosed while that of the second is really below the street at basement level but open to the sky. The first was designed to segregate pedestrians and vehicular traffic and to provide a comfortable passage from building to building in the harsh Minnesota winter. The second was simply to make a city centre a more attractive place. Both have been catalysts for new development.

An alternative type not described here is the underground pedestrian network mentioned earlier in this chapter. That in Toronto connects 38 office buildings, 3 major hotels and 5 subway stations. It houses 1000 stores and restaurants. Montreal has its Golden Square Mile of protected walkways, reputedly the most extensive in the world. In Kansas City there is Tropolis, an underground business complex of 4 million square feet (371,600 square metres) with an employee population of 1300 people. It has wide, paved streets that are completely dry and 'brilliantly illuminated'. It is located in old mines. Sydney has extensive subterranean walkway in its city centre. They link the underground stations of its suburban railway system to basement shopping areas in adjacent blocks. The walkways themselves are lined with shops and lead to major destinations. They are well used.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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