The Citizen Centre Shenzhen Peoples Republic of China a new civic design 1994

The Citizen Centre complex in Shenzhen is in the process of construction. It has followed a very different process of design than the capital complexes at Chandigarh designed by Le Corbusier and Brasilia designed by Oscar Niemeyer. As a complex it will be an all-of-a-piece urban design. Following a typical procedure used in China the design results from a process of consultation/ competition. This system is used to generate interesting potential solutions but it can also result in eye-catching designs with short-run futures. In 1995, a number of architects were asked to submit designs for the Citizen Centre. The best of them was deemed to be that by John M. Lee/Michael Timchula Associates based in the United States. It remains to be seen how the Citizen Centre complex turns out as design decisions are still being finalized (Figure 8.9).

The new heart of Shenzhen is organized along the central green zone of the city designed largely to a plan by Kisho Kurokawa ofJapan. The site is 1.9 kilometres wide and 2.2 north-to-south with Lotus Hill to the north. It is laid out in a grid bisected by the east-to-west Shennan Avenue. The commercial area lies to the south of the Avenue, and the government and cultural zone (a 180-hectare site) to the north.

The landmark building of the government complex is the City Hall designed by John Lee. Its roof has an eye-catching form like the wings of a roc. It is equipped with solar voltaic panels as part of the effort to reduce energy consumption and costs. Below the roof the building is divided into two almost symmetrical parts containing the various administrative functions of the city. In front of the building is the 'Crystal Island', a transparent steel and glass structure, and a green zone that extends to Lotus Hill.

The green zone is flanked by a number of buildings that will be built by a number of

Figure 8.9 The Citizen Centre complex, Shenzhen. (a) The conceptual site in its proposed context and (b) the Citizen Centre.

Figure 8.9 The Citizen Centre complex, Shenzhen. (a) The conceptual site in its proposed context and (b) the Citizen Centre.

developers on behalf of the city to the city's requirements and designed by different architects. The Cultural Centre of Arata Isozaki lies on the left of the City Hall facing Lotus Hill. It consists of the Concert Hall and Library with an elevated deck between them. The fronts of the buildings will have pleated glass walls. Directly across the green area from them is the Children's Palace. A level of unity will be achieved through the massing and colour of the buildings that were subject to control. The result is a complex of three buildings and a park (a strong contrast to Le Corbusier's concrete deck at Chandigarh) designed in accordance with a site plan within a larger master plan for the city.

Major references

Chen Yuan (2000). The course of SZD planning and design. World Architecture 2000 (Suppl.): 5-9. Kurokawa, Kisho (2000). Urban design of the public space system along the central axis. World Architecture 2000 (Suppl.): 29-36.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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