Wealthy People Ebooks Catalog
As people got settled the meeting was called to order. We did a check-in, a round robin wherein each person said a few words about him or herself and how he or she felt as we started the meeting. During the check-in Anne expressed uneasiness about the stability of the group. It seemed fragile to her and she was concerned about putting any more money in.
For the developer, profit is usually a secondary goal. This may come as a surprise to you, but the typical developer would much rather create something beautiful or important than simply make money. It is important that they see the fruits of their risk taking. Money is a practical matter for them, necessary to continue their life's work.
Change orders are a normal part of the construction process, resulting from the fact that no set of drawings can completely and fully document all the work required to construct a building of any complexity. Any number of decisions, interfaces, and components, as well as the human factor of interpreting the bid documents differently from how they were intended, inevitably results in claims for more money. Owners can be more or less understanding of change orders, depending on their experience and temperament. When a responsible contractor makes change order claims that are within reason and fairly valued, architects are normally able to explain the situation to their clients and work out a solution. When contractors or their subs submit change orders that the architect and owner consider petty or abusive, when a flood of change orders arrives at the end of the project, or when a contractor submits a large change order for additional general conditions as a result of delays caused by...
Finally, my colleagues and students at the University of Auckland in New Zealand in the Community Design Studio, have joined me in attempting to address design issues in the framework of a cooperative pedagogy.90 Working in the context of a culturally diverse and contested landscape, the studio is openly, politically progressive in order to produce a critical reflexive consciousness in students, staff, the university community, and the wider public about the role played by the physical environment in expressing and reproducing the social and economic structures of late capitalism, as well as the European cultural hegemony that continues to dominate this former British colony in the South Pacific. The experience of the studio becomes framed within a society divided by classed, gendered, and racist practices. Projects have spoken to these issues directly the design of an alternative one-hundred-million-dollar performing arts center, the development of town plans for the cities of...
On practically every construction project contractors will ask to install products that are different from the ones specified by the design professional. This occurs for various reasons, ranging from the valid and practical (the specified product is no longer available) to the near-sinister (the contractor substitutes a less expensive product and makes more money). Most contractors, in fact, are not making the substitution request for themselves. They are passing up the line a request from one of their suppliers or subcontractors, who are likely making the request mostly for their own convenience, or because a specified product is not available. Bidders often assume that a product they prefer will be considered equivalent to a specified product. They prefer to use items they can purchase at a competitive advantage, that they are most familiar with (and can install efficiently), or that they genuinely believe to be the best product for the purpose. Some also propose substitutions...
Even the most enthusiastic professional is, at the end of the day,working for you in order to make money. While your project is of the utmost importance to you, a professional cannot always be expected to match your enthusiasm and eagerness. Other people who are similarly enthusiastic and eager to have their projects completed are
Chapter 4 discusses how net densities vary and points out that 30 units per hectare is argued to be necessary to create some variety of use if density is to be the main driver behind diversity. Such a statistic, however, is a little simplistic. If, for example, residents living in 30 units per hectare are quite affluent, you might expect more money in the local economy to support the local uses, whereas a more deprived community might struggle in similar circumstances. This is one reason why it is desirable to achieve a balanced mix of affluence within a population or at least rely on a mix of primary uses or passing trade to help support a degree of diversity.
Since the cohousing project will be designed with substantial input from people who plan to live there, a significant temptation exists to spend more money upgrading construction materials and equipment specifications. Some cost tradeoffs are possible, such as reducing the number of bathrooms, which will allow for upgrading elsewhere. However, it should be noted that the bank and its appraiser will have a significant impact on such things as whether you include two bathrooms in every unit. (Remember that they are looking for security and want a project that they can sell to someone else if you fail to meet your payment obligations.)
Rooms and so as to have the commodity of the underground rooms which will provide for all the servants' workrooms ( ) the cantlna, the servants' dining room, the kitchen, the larder and other similar places'.9 The kitchen was identified as a separate room, but it was banished at least partly underground where the floor above, sometimes being supported on masonry vaults, could reduce the danger of conflagration. For daylight and fresh air, servants had to rely on the whims of the owner and his architect - window size and shape depended on the composition of the elevations. In his plans of town houses for the wealthy people, the kitchen and service rooms disappear altogether, to be replaced by spiral stairs (in the poch ) that connected kitchen to camerini or retrocamere from which the meal was served to the party in the camera itself.
The architect is responsible for designing the project to meet the requirements of the established budget. Architects tend to push the budget, asking for more money or saying that what you want can't be done for the amount of money you want to spend, etc. The architect will push and you will push back, so expect some give and take.
Plastering a straw bale wall is quite different from plastering a wooden or cement wall. The plaster bonds with the straw rather than creating a separate and thin layer. You will use a good deal more plaster to cover bale walls than same-size wood or block walls. Not realizing this, plasterers unfamiliar with straw bale walls will often underbid straw bale jobs. They will either starve themselves or ask for more money to compensate for the extra materials and time involved.
The stadium which is fully funded by the community is probably the most common around the world, but the significance of private finance is growing, with more and more money being generated by the top sports clubs and individuals. In the USA private financing has usually been limited to the smaller indoor venues, accommodating up to 200 events a year, to ensure their viability. Large stadia can generally attract only around 20 to perhaps 75 event days a year and therefore are hard pressed to justify the significant financing necessary. This limitation on event days is largely due to the fact that most stadia have an open roof making them vulnerable to the elements and also that there are a limited number of events which can attract an audience of 50 000 to 100 000 spectators. Pop groups these days prefer to book a venue for three nights at an arena of 20 000 than one night of 60 000 because if all three nights are not sold out they can always cancel the last
FIGURE 14.3 Million Dollar Bridge over Tennessee River at Chattanooga, August, 1917. (Courtesy of the Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-123508.) FIGURE 14.3 Million Dollar Bridge over Tennessee River at Chattanooga, August, 1917. (Courtesy of the Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-123508.)
Of all the campaign policies and procedures, those associated with naming a building or parts of a building are the most critical. Gifts of any magnitude attract media attention. Both the museum and the donor must be prepared for intense scrutiny and comment. Therefore, before approaching major donors with naming opportunities, museums should have clear and current board-approved policies in place for naming of buildings, parts of buildings, and museum programs. Many publicly supported institutions must adhere to state or local government naming policies which may limit naming to individuals who are no longer living, or to individuals who have been citizens of the state or locality. Many universities now have policies that allow parts of buildings to be named (e.g., classroom, auditorium, or center) after meritorious faculty members while reserving the names of whole buildings for major donors who reach predetermined contribution levels. More and more museums are following suit. Where...
Seaside has been a marketing success. It is increasingly a resort for wealthy people. Land prices have soared well above inflation levels. Lots purchased in 1982 for 15,000 commanded 300,000 in 2001. Beachfront lots go for as much as 1.5 million. Home prices are approaching the 1 million mark. As an urban design, it has become an icon of the New Urbanism, striking a balance between the needs of vehicle drivers and those of pedestrians. It demonstrates that an approach to design integrating planning, landscape architecture and architecture can result in fine living environments. Critics find the town 'too cute' but they are outsiders not residents. It is well loved by the latter.
In any case, there will be many startup expenses before you even begin operating your business. It would be futile to hope to establish, operate, and succeed in setting up a business without adequate funding. It is important to estimate these expenses accurately and then to plan on how to raise the required capital. Often, first-time business owners fail to consider or greatly misjudge the amount of money needed to get their small business off the ground, and they fail to include a contingency amount to meet unforeseen expenses. Consequently, they fail to secure sufficient financing to carry their business through the period before it reaches its breakeven status and starts to make money.
The prosperity of the 1920s had stimulated moviegoing, which in turn spurred film production and the construction of motion picture exhibition places. A succession of ostentatious Hollywood movie palaces were built in this era, including Sid Grauman's Million Dollar, Metropolitan, Egyptian, and Chinese Theaters, the Warner Brothers Theater, and the Hollywood Pantages. These spectacular pleasure palaces built upon a formula that theater manager Samuel Roxy Rothafel (formerly Rothapfel) had pioneered in New York City, at the Strand and Roxy Theaters, and penultimately, at Radio City Music Hall. Extravagant architecture, opulent interiors, and impeccable service were joined to create sensuous and refined environments that would elevate the moviegoing experience from its vaudeville and nickelodeon roots. Neal Gabler attributes this quote to Roxy The theatre is the thing, that is, the psychology of the theatre, its effect on the audience . . . The best pictures ever produced will never...
Cheung Kong Centre, located between the Bank of China (L) and the Hong Kong-Shanghai Bank (R) in Central, Hong Kong. This flagship skyscraper of Cheung Kong, the company owned by Li Ka-shing, one of Hong Kong's richest billionaires, was designed by Leo A. Daly Company, an American firm, with the assistance of many other firms operating in a globalizing orchestra of construction. (Photograph by the author.) Figure 6.3. Cheung Kong Centre, located between the Bank of China (L) and the Hong Kong-Shanghai Bank (R) in Central, Hong Kong. This flagship skyscraper of Cheung Kong, the company owned by Li Ka-shing, one of Hong Kong's richest billionaires, was designed by Leo A. Daly Company, an American firm, with the assistance of many other firms operating in a globalizing orchestra of construction. (Photograph by the author.)
If the statewide cost of the claim for reimbursement does not exceed one million dollars ( 1,000,000),reimbursement shall be made from the State Mandates Claims Fund. SEC. 8. This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health,or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the Constitution and shall go into immediate effect.The facts constituting the necessity are To ensure that recent improvements in the 1995 state guidelines governing design and engineering of structures constructed with baled straw are made available to the public at the earliest opportunity, and to expedite ongoing efforts by the California rice industry to develop alternative markets and uses for rice straw stubble, it is necessary that this act take effect immediately.
A disturbing non-technical impediment to reducing earthquake risk is that caused by corruption at the design and construction stages of projects in many countries. This takes the form of bribery of people such as designers, builders, inspectors and other officials by people who stand to make money if less building materials are used than required and specified to meet the prevailing earthquake design regulations. The author has come across this type of behaviour in a number of countries, and no doubt this phenomenon is much more widespread worldwide than is openly acknowledged. Sadly, the results of such behaviour have severe social and financial consequences. A recent widely publicized example comes from China, in the magnitude 7.9 earthquake in Sichuan province in 2008, where thousands of children were killed in the collapse of defective school
With DB a lot of the responsibility is on the contractor and most criticism of design and build is that you'll always get the cheapest the contractor can get away with, which is true, because we are a business that is seeking to make money. We have a contract and we will do the works the cheapest way we can, within the scope of the contract itself.that is the minimum we are going to give them and also the maximum. there's clearly a temptation to cut corners no two ways about it. People are in business to make money. Let's face it, why is the client doing it He wants to make his percentage of savings, and you're relying on the contractor's professional attitude in where do you draw the line between making legitimate savings which are going to benefit both the client and contractor and cutting corners It's a fine line to tread. An element of the project, which the architects felt was affected by the procurement route, was the quality of the finishings. As one of the architects said,...
Throughout the following pages you will notice that I use the prefix 're-' rather a lot. This is deliberate. It is a prefix of our age. Both intellectual and material pursuits are increasingly iterative and retrospective. Contemporary art, architecture, music and literature consciously borrow from that which has preceded them. The affluent spend more money on the past, for example, through buying antiques or researching their family trees. We are always in the throes of some revival or other, haunted by flares, mullets and adults wearing school uniforms. In such ways Western culture can be very self-reflexive. But I am also aware that the past, imagined or otherwise, can constitute an escape from the present and that 're-' can be a superfluous adjunct. Why re-energize when we can energize Let's live, rather than relive. Nevertheless, I persist with 're-' because I want to emphasize as strongly as possible the fact that tackling urban challenges requires visiting first principles again...
To repeat big buildings cast big shadows. Bigger buildings cast bigger shadows. And make more money. Unless the city has rigorous guidelines for bulk and sun and light and the mettle to stick to them money will win out over sun. (Whyte 1988, 261) In 1988, Whyte noticed that most graphic analysis, such as sun studies, delivered to the New York City Planning Commission for new building permits were incomplete or incorrect. Recognizing that developers, architects, and city planners do not evaluate the effect of building project proposals on the city, Whyte envisioned a financially independent urban research center that could facilitate objective public review of new development projects, so as to improve the urban environment
This is true but untrue - when you work in a quasi-public realm, as we inevitably do, you can't just chomp cigars.' 'The other stereotype is fat cat developer, brash, knock up stuff quickly. They do not pay attention. They want to make money as quickly as possible.' 'They do make money when it works - but many fail - property development is vulnerable.' 'Many people working in the public sector think they are non-elected interlopers without a mandate who want to introduce hamburger joints. They're rapacious capitalists who would concrete over the city. And in reverse developers think planners are overly bureaucratic, hindering development, unable to make a decision The community sector is seen by property developers as wanting handouts and not understanding the needs of business they have a halo, sitting there cross-legged with a begging bowl.' 'The development industry has many layers. There are the traditionals - the PLCs. They make a point that...
While this should not be seen as an argument against hybridization it, nevertheless, is a suggestion that there is a negative outcome. Parts of the city are exclusively associated with 'elite' global elements - those that can afford the multi-million dollar (or euro, dirham etc.) price tag associated with these development renewal efforts. The city is being created to respond to globalizing tendencies - tourism, large corporation headquarters, events (conferences, rock concerts, etc.) - thus increasingly catering to transient populations. No real effort is made to resolve social problems, address concerns of the lower class, or try to make the urban environment more 'liveable'.
In one place can affect a world away. The shape, structure and stage of economic development are determined by threads of history from past colonialisms to current global terms of trade. In the development rush we rarely stand back and assess the balance of gains and losses in places as different as Memphis, Port of Spain, Bamako, Oulu, Norilsk, Frankfurt, Qatar and Chennai. It is as if only one rational approach counted the unfettered logic of capital and property values inexorably drives the evolution of cities and their shape, segregating rich from poor and casting light or shadow depending on perspective or circumstance. The market economy has no mechanism within itself that ensures ethics or trust it is the embodiment of self-interest. Using money values to drive progress to create more monetary assets means monetizing all aspects of life, even relationships. On its own it is an impoverished theory of decision-making which excludes considerations of forms of sociability, exchange...
The jurists of the Hanafi, Shafi'i, and Hanbali rites agreed that land containing surface minerals could not be revived or owned and could not be allotted by rulers. The reason for such prohibition, they explained, is to facilitate public access to such minerals. Those minerals are just like water and pasture. They are for those who collect them. They argued that if such lands were owned, a class of wealthy people would be created who were not in fact productive.13
The development process is costly, complex and unpredictable. To be a success as a developer you must have money, and you must be able to borrow money. Successful, and therefore trustworthy, developers are able to convince someone to lend them money. Lenders prefer to lend money to those who don't really need it, those who already have money and who will use the money they borrow to make more money.
Instruction is that it places a burden on the contractor to guess at something that he can estimate no better than the architect. Rather than lose a bid, he may guess low and make this assumption a condition of his bid, complicating a comparison with other bids. Furthermore, all the bidding contractors are forced to make their own assumptions of the scope, potentially resulting in a wider bid variance and more money eventually paid out by the owner if every bidder has assumed the worst.
Formal planning process and without the imprimatur of the development office, the director of which regarded it as a rather mixed blessing at best. He was a nattily dressed extrovert on speed. Having once reportedly secured a gift of fifteen million dollars for another institution, he was, in his own modest estimation, the most adept fund-raiser since King Midas a self-assured hail-fellow, well met a compulsive bloviator and a charmer not an altogether unlikable combination. He once began a meeting on the Lewis Center by saying that he had to get something off his chest. Turning to the president, he proceeded to announce, You are a great president No, no don't stop me, I just have to say this. I go all over the country and meet with hundreds of alums and all kinds of people, and you are regarded by all as a really great college president, and so forth. The president's beaming smile showed a combination of gratitude tinged with embarrassment and befuddlement. His head was where, as a...
A design crisis resulted when the Ministry of Environment insisted on greater setbacks from the creek. The sketch shows the challenge. Instead of building on a third of the site, WindSong had less than a quarter of the site available. After all the attempts to design surface parking, it was forced underground. This change added more than half a million dollars to the cost of the project. As the revised design was squeezed, the central space between units decreased to a convenient span. The enclosed atrium was born. Eventually it evolved to the section illustrated, which included a downstairs gallery. The atrium added significantly to both cost and amenity. Code requirements were met with equivalences sprinklers instead of fire walls, openings instead of ventilation.
Excellent communication skills Most executive-level professionals have excellent verbal skills, and this ability is one of the primary determinants for achieving success. Writing skills are an entirely different matter and can be a major challenge to those who largely depend on others to put pen to paper.
Because the power brokers and the ambitious will feel it is their right to have them there. These in turn attract the most aspiring, successful and wealthy people, thereby sucking in the talent from surrounding areas and draining the identity and potential of those places. Crucially, capital cities have the greatest capacity to insert themselves into global arenas, most obviously initially through political structures like embassies, trade missions and other representative structures. When allied to the city's economic and foreign policy it is a potent mix.
The Campbell Town community was abuzz after the October 2004 auction, when a mystery bidder paid two and a half million dollars for Egleston. In 1882 Sir Robert Tooth also built castellated Gothic mansion The Swifts at Darling Point, to specifications that included its ballroom being bigger than the one at Government House. In 1997 The Swifts was sold for a reported twelve million dollars, and it's said an equal amount has since been spent on its restoration.
The industrial revolution brought steam heat to Europe in the eighteenth century. Steam conveyed in pipes heated schools, churches, law courts, assembly halls, greenhouses, and the homes of wealthy people. The extremely hot surfaces of the steam pipes dried out the air uncomfortably and generated the odor of charred dust.
In the past sons inherited their father's profession, but today most new generations start their careers independently of their family's tradition in a certain profession. This, of course, endangered traditional crafts including those related to architecture and building construction. Another factor that resulted from new generations leaving the family house is the feeling of financial independence. In the past, the grandfather or the father in the traditional house had the upper hand in deciding all financial matters. Adult sons now sometimes cannot accept this and accordingly it can lead to family conflict. The major obstacle that hinders many young people from leaving the family house is the high cost of building or buying a new house. Many who have stayed in Yemen and have not had access to foreign currency incomes (e.g. working in the Gulf countries or supported by relatives there) cannot afford to buy or build a house.
In contemplating allowable costs for a proposed project, there must first exist a clear idea ot all the costs involved. If there is a million dollars to spend, a million-dollar building cannot bo built. The project budget must cover ull costs related to the project which are chargeable to the capital funds available A typical project budget would contain allowances for the following items
The good practice suggested here must be promoted by education, professional bodies and trade associations and taken on board by contractors. The evidence shows that when good service is given customers are attracted and this gives reason to believe that significant improvement in service quality can be achieved. There are features of successful service delivery that might be emulated by firms wishing to enter or to enlarge their share in the building maintenance sector. Although this chapter, and the book generally, does not address questions of cost or whether this is a way to make money in the industry, it has been shown that for many customers price was not the main determinant of contractor selection. Reputation and having worked together before were strong considerations. The evidence suggests that if owners are provided with an infrastructure that allows them to make an informed choice, they are more likely to commission a better builder and to receive a better job. At present...
Will have a seating bowl plan area one and a half times larger than the old stadium. Obviously such comfort costs considerably more money to build, however this can encourage spectators to stay at the stadium for longer which in turn means they are likely to spend more money there. In addition, the extra area afforded to each spectator will mean the viewing areas will be better suited for events that run longer than the traditional 90 minutes of a football match, such as all-day concerts or festivals. The second influence is capacity, not just the fact that more seats cost more money but the fact that the larger the bowl gets the greater the average construction costs will be, due to additional craneage, additional support structure and increased complexity of construction.
Stadia likely to be patronized by well-behaved crowds who will not abuse the building can be finished in the same way as any other public building, and no special notes are needed here. This is the trend in recent UK and North American stadia, where the areas for patrons paying more money may have polished marble concourse floors, toilets finished to hotel standard, and luxuriously appointed social areas.
Design professionals are often reluctant to discuss money issues with their client. This is unfortunate and potentially hazardous, because if the architect gets too far behind in payments, he loses perspective on the project and may eventually sink to the point where he literally gives up any hope of getting paid in full. The owner and architect start making bargains with each other (and with themselves), good money is thrown after bad, with the result that more money than was ever justified has been wasted on a project. The reality is that if the owner cannot finish the job, it is better to know sooner rather than later. Additionally, owners are sometimes not that much different than contractors in their attitude toward using other people's money. If a nefarious owner believes he can finish the job with someone else's money (in the form of credit that never gets repaid or liability suits as counterclaims for collection actions), he will do so. To avoid this type of owner, the...
Millionaire Mindset Affirmation
You already recognize that rich individuals think differently than middle class or poor individuals in every aspect of life. But particularly when it comes to money. That's why they're rich. Their selections and decisions just by nature bring about riches.